Publications

Bold names are group members.

Swanson, W., Graham, K.A., Halfacre, J.W., Holmes, C.D., Shepson, P.B., Simpson, W.R. (2020) Arctic reactive bromine events occur in two distinct sets of environmental conditions: a statistical analysis of six years of observations. J. Geophys. Res. 125, e2019JD032139, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD032139 [pdf]

Horowitz, H. M., Holmes, C.D., Wright, A., Sherwen, T., Wang, X., Evans, M., et al. (2020). Effects of sea salt aerosol emissions for Marine Cloud Brightening on atmospheric chemistry: Implications for radiative forcing. Geophys. Res. Lett. 47, e2019GL085838, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085838 [pdf]

Alexander, B., Tomas, S., Holmes, C.D., Fisher, J.A., Chen, Q., Evans, M.J., and Kasibhatla, P. (2019). Global inorganic nitrate production mechanisms: comparison of a global model with nitrate isotope observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-422

Ronan, A. C., Ducker, J.A., Schnell, J.L., Holmes, C.D. (2020) Have improvements in ozone air quality reduced ozone uptake into plants? Elementa Sci. Anthro. 8, 2, https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.399 [pdf]

Holmes, C.D., Bertram, T. H., Confer, K. L., Ronan, A. C., Wirks, C. K., Graham, K. A., Shah, V. (2019) The role of clouds in the tropospheric NOx cycle: a new modeling approach for cloud chemistry and its global implications, Geophys. Res. Lett. 46, 4980-4990, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL081990 [pdf]

Borchardt, T., Fisher, K.V., Ebling, A.M., Westrich, J.D., Xian, P., Holmes, C.D., Landing, W.M., Lipp, E.K, Wetz, M.S., Ottesen, E.A. (2019). Saharan dust deposition initiates successional patterns among marine microbes in the Western Atlantic, Limnology and Oceanography, https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11291  [pdf]

Ducker, J. A., Holmes, C. D., Keenan, T. F., Fares, S., Goldstein, A. H., Mammarella, I., Munger, J. W., and Schnell, J. (2018). Synthetic ozone deposition and stomatal uptake at flux tower sites. Biogeosciences, 15, 5395-5413. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5395-2018 [pdf]

Nowell, H. K., Holmes, C. D., Robertson, K., Teske, C., & Hiers, J. K. (2018). A new picture of fire extent, variability, and drought interaction in prescribed fire landscapes: Insights from Florida government records. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078679 [pdf]

Holmes, C. D. (2018). Methane feedback on atmospheric chemistry: Methods, models, and mechanisms. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10, 1087–1099. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017MS001196 [pdf]

Prather, M.J. & C.D. Holmes (2017) Overexplaining or underexplaining methane’s role in climate change, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 117(21) 5324–5326, https://doi.org/ [pdf]

Kaulfus, A., U.S. Nair, C.D. Holmes, W.M. Landing (2017) Mercury wet scavenging and deposition differences by precipitation type, Environ. Sci. Technol., https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b04187 [pdf]

Holmes, C.D., N.P. Krishnamurthy, J.M. Caffrey, W.M. Landing, E.S. Edgerton, K.R. Knapp, U.S. Nair (2016) Thunderstorms increase mercury wet deposition, Environ. Sci. Technol., 50, 9343-9350, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02586 [pdf]

Zhang, H., C.D. Holmes, and S. Wu (2016). Impacts of changes in climate and land use/land cover on atmospheric mercury. Atmos. Environ., 141, 230-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.06.056 [pdf]

Coburn, S., B. Dix, E. Edgerton, C.D. Holmes, D. Kinnison, Q. Liang, A. ter Schure, S. Wang, R. Volkamer (2016). Mercury oxidation from bromine chemistry in the free troposphere over the Southeastern United States. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3743-3760, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-3743-2016 [pdf]

Isaksen, I.S.A., T.K. Berntsen, S.B.Dalsøren, K. Eleftheratos, Y. Orsolini, B. Rognerud, F. Stordal, O.A. Søvde, C. Zerefos, C.D. Holmes (2014) Atmospheric ozone and methane in a changing climate. Atmosphere 5, 518-535, https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos5030518 [pdf]

Holmes, C.D. (2014). Air pollution and forest water use. Nature 507, E1-E2, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13113 [pdf]

Heald, C. L., D. A. Ridley, J. H. Kroll, S. R. H. Barrett, K. E. Cady-Pereira, M. J. Alvarado, C. D. Holmes (2014). Beyond direct radiative forcing: The case for characterizing the direct radiative effect of aerosols. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5513-5527, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-5513-2014 [pdf]

Schnell, J.L., C.D. Holmes, A. Jangam, M.J. Prather (2014). Skill in forecasting extreme ozone pollution episodes with a global atmospheric chemistry model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7721–7739, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-7721-2014 [pdf]

Holmes, C.D., M.J. Prather, G.C.M. Vinken (2014). The climate impact of ship NOx emissions: an improved estimate accounting for plume chemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6801-6812, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-6801-2014 [pdf]

Prather, M. J. and C. D. Holmes (2013). A perspective on time: Loss frequencies, time scales, and lifetimes, Environ. Chem., 10, 73-79, doi:10.1071/EN13017.

Holmes, C. D., M. J. Prather, O. A. Søvde, and G. Myhre (2013) Future methane, hydroxyl, and their uncertainties: key climate and emission parameters for future predictions, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 285-302, doi:10.5194/acp-13-285-2013.

Ellis, R. A., D. J. Jacob, M. Payer, L. Zhang, C. D. Holmes, B. A. Schichtel, T. Blett, E. Porter, L. H. Pardo, and J. A. Lynch (2013). Present and future nitrogen deposition to national parks in the United States: critical load exceedances, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 9083-9095, doi:10.5194/acp-13-9083-2013.

Nair, U. S., Y. Wu, C. D. Holmes, A. Ter Schure, G. Kallos, and J. T. Walters (2013) Cloud-resolving simulations of mercury scavenging and deposition in thunderstorms, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 10143-10157, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10143-2013.

Harris, R., C. Pollman, W. Landing, D. Evans, D. Axelrad, D. Hutchinson, S.L. Morey, D. Rumbold, D. Dukhovskoy, D. Adams, K. Vijayaraghavani, C. Holmes, R. D. Atkinson, T. Myers, and E. Sunderland (2012) Mercury in the Gulf of Mexico: Sources to consumers, Environ. Res., 119, 42-52, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.08.001.

Costa, M.F., W. M. Landing, H. A. Kehrig, M. Barletta, C. D. Holmes, P. R. G. Barrocas, D. C. Evers, D. G. Buck, A. C. Vasconcellos, S. S. Hacon, J. C. Moreira, O. Malm (2012) Mercury in tropical and subtropical coastal environments. Environ Res, 119, 88-100, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.07.008.

Søvde, A. O., M. J. Prather, I. S. A. Isaksen, T. K. Berntsen, F. Stordal, X. Zhu, C. D. Holmes, and J. Hsu (2012) The chemical transport model Oslo CTM3. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. 5, 1561-1626, doi:10.5194/gmdd-5-1561-2012.

Müller, D., D. Wip, T. Warneke, C. D. Holmes, A. Dastoor, and J. Notholt (2012) Sources of atmospheric mercury in the tropics: continuous observations at a coastal site in Suriname. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7391-7397, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7391-2012.

Prather, M. J., C. D. Holmes, and J. Hsu (2012) Reactive greenhouse gas scenarios: Systematic exploration of uncertainties and the role of atmospheric chemistry. Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2012GL051440.

Holmes, C. D. (2012) Nature Geoscience 5, 95-96, doi:10.1038/ngeo1389.

Zhang, Y., L. Jaeglé, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, C. D. Holmes, H. M. Amos, Q. Wang, R. Talbot, F. Artz, S. Brooks, W. Luke, T. M. Holsen, D. Felton, E. K. Miller, K. D. Perry, D. Schmeltz, A. Steffen, R. Tordon, P. Weiss-Penzias, and R. Zsolway (2012) Nested-grid simulation of mercury over North America. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 6095-6111, doi:10.5194/acp-12-6095-2012.

Amos, H., D. J. Jacob, C. D. Holmes, J. A. Fisher, Q. Wang, R. M. Yantosca, E. S. Corbitt, E. Galarneau, A. P. Rutter, M. S. Gustin, A. Steffen, J. J. Schauer, J. A. Graydon, V. L. St. Louis, R. W. Talbot, E. S. Edgerton, E. M. Sunderland (2012) Gas-particle partitioning of atmospheric Hg(II) and its effect on global mercury deposition, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 591–603, doi:10.5194/acp-12-591-2012.

Corbitt, E. S., D. J. Jacob, C. D. Holmes, D. G. Streets, and E. M. Sunderland (2011) Global source-receptor relationships for mercury deposition under present-day and 2050 emissions scenarios, Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 10477-10484, doi:10.1021/es202496y.

Hezel, P. J., B. Alexander, C. M. Bitz, E. J. Steig, C.D. Holmes, X. Yang and J. Sciare (2011) Modeled methanesulfonic acid (MSA) deposition in Antarctica and its relationship to sea ice, J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23214, doi:10.1029/2011JD016383.

Holmes, C. D., Q. Tang, M. J. Prather (2011) Uncertainties in climate assessment for the case of aviation NO, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108, 10997-11002, doi:10.1073/pnas.1101458108.

Knapp K. R., S. Ansari, C. L. Bain, M. A. Bourassa, M. J. Dickinson, C. Funk, C. N. Helms, C. C. Hennon, C. D. Holmes, G. J. Huffman, J. P. Kossin, H.-T. Lee, A. Loew, G. Magnusdottir (2011) Globally gridded satellite (GridSat) observations for climate studies, Bull. Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/2011BAMS3039.1.

Holmes, C. D., 5 book chapters on waste gasification technology, plasma gasification, chemistry, applications, and environmental performance in From Waste to Fuel, in press.

Travnikov, O., C-J. Lin, A. Dastoor and 11 others including C. D. Holmes (2010) Global and regional modeling, chapter in Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010, Part B: Mercury. Eds. N. Pirrone and T. Keating, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.

Holmes, C. D., Jacob, D. J., Corbitt, E. S., Mao, J., Yang, X., Talbot, R., and Slemr, F.: Global atmospheric model for mercury including oxidation by bromine atoms, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 12037-12057, doi:10.5194/acp-10-12037-2010, 2010.

Soerensen, A.L., E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Holmes, D.J. Jacob, R.M. Yantosca, H. Skov, J.H. Christensen, and R.P. Mason, An improved global model for air-sea exchange of mercury: High concentrations over the North Atlantic, Environ. Sci. Technol., 44, 8574-8580, 2010

Fisher, J.A., D.J. Jacob, M.T. Purdy, M. Kopacz, P. Le Sager, C. Carouge, C.D. Holmes, R.M. Yantosca, R.L. Batchelor, K. Strong, G.S. Diskin, H.E. Fuelberg, J.S. Holloway, E.J. Hyer, W.W. McMillan, J. Warner, D.G. Streets, Q. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Wu, Source attribution and interannual variability of Arctic pollution in spring constrained by aircraft (ARCTAS, ARCPAC) and satellite (AIRS) observations of carbon monoxide, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 977-996, 2010.

Holmes, C.D., Multiscale Models of Atmospheric Mercury: bromine chemistry, air-sea exchange, and global transport, Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 2010.

Dennis, K.J., C.D. Holmes, K.Z. House, J.J. Krich, B.G. Lee, L.T. Murray, E.A. van Nierop, J. Parella, D.M. Romps, J. Rugolo, M.T. Winkler, Should the United States resume reprocessing? A pro and con, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 65(6), 30-41, 2009.

Holmes, C.D., D.J. Jacob, R.P. Mason, D.A. Jaffe, Sources and deposition of reactive gaseous mercury in the marine atmosphere, Atmospheric Environment,43, 2278-2285, 2009

S. Strode, L. Jaegle, D. A. Jaffe, P. C. Swartzendruber, N. E. Selin, C. Holmes, and R. M. Yantosca, Trans-Pacific Transport of Mercury, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D02308, 2008.

Holmes, C. D., D. J. Jacob, and X. Yang, Global lifetime of elemental mercury against oxidation by atomic bromine in the free troposphere, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L20808, doi:10.1029/2006GL027176, 2006

Holmes, C.D., Frequency Modulation Spectroscopy of the Forbidden M1 and E2 1283nm Transition in Thallium, B.A. Thesis, Williams College, 2003.

Galvez, E.J., M.R. Cheyne, J.B. Stewart, C.D. Holmes, and H.I. Sztul, Variable Geometric Phase Polarization Rotators for the Visible, Optics Communications 171, 7-13, 1999.

Galvez, E.J. and C.D. Holmes Geometric Phase of Optical Rotators, Journal of the Optical Society of America A 16, 1981-1985, 1999.